This is the first article from the series of the Cere 2.0 Vision. In this series, we’ll dive into the exciting innovations that the Cere team has been working on recently, along with product releases, tech deep-dives, and live in-production client use cases built on Cere’s technology stack!
Have you ever thought about where dApps are hosted and where they store their user data?
On-chain storage is too expensive and slow, and that’s why dApps use other data storage solutions.
However, such storage solutions are still missing key data components that are preventing dApps of today from achieving total decentralization. We’ll explore these components to let you see what the future of dApps can be.
What Problems Do The Top dApps Have in Common?
We have over 800 (well-known) dApps nowadays; some of the most prominent names are Uniswap, Curve, OpenSea, Axie Infinity, MakerDAO, NBA Top Shot, and Atomic Assets, and PancakeSwap. And despite their popularity, they still miss key data components and face serious problems.
They’re Not Totally Decentralized
Did you know that many dApps still use their own servers to store their user data? Examples include NBA Top Shot and OpenSea, which counteracts the concept of decentralization.
Hosting users’ data in their own servers or on a centralized solution like AWS or Google Cloud still exposes it to data breaches, attacks, and censorship. And dApps of the future need to protect users from these risks. The key missing piece is a real decentralized data storage solution that serves encrypted user data directly from the cloud to wallets.
They’re Restricted by Infrastructure to Scale to Millions of Users
How can dApps be decentralized if they’re still restrained by servers and their infrastructure? To accomplish total decentralization, it’s mandatory for dApps to embrace the power of serverless and trustless data..
Real serverless dApps are free from the constraints of traditional data hosting, such as difficulty to scale up, censorship, third-party data selling, privacy concerns about user data, and security vulnerabilities.
Trustless data protocol solutions are needed to make dApps serverless, ones that are sufficiently decentralized and distributed with enough network providers to bring the data capacity and throughput to serve millions of users on a daily basis. Bringing dApps the resources, they need to compete against centralized apps.
They’re Too Simple and Lack Personalization
Most dApps are quite simple because the core of the dApps (or the decentralized part of the application) consists only of some smart contracts that interact with the user’s wallet. Beyond such basic blockchain transactions, they lack the wide myriad of functions that centralized apps offer.
dApps still rely on centralized solutions to bring to its users richer features such as personalization, e.g., remembering the previously viewed/consumed content, purchases and investments, etc.
Only a truly trustless and decentralized data protocol can power dApps to accomplish this by sending/extracting information directly from the user’s wallet to individually store, encrypt, and segment their key interactions and behaviors.
This approach is very much needed to pseud-anonymously encrypt and store/process key user data to protect data privacy while bringing the personalized experience solutions that people are already accustomed to.
The Future of dApps with Real Decentralized Data Solutions
dApps in the future will bring millions of people access to a wide myriad of services in the realms of social media, SaaS, finance, music, travel, and more. And that’s why they need to evolve with the help of a powerful decentralized data protocol that is much more focused than just storing data, but also on how to deliver the data, and store key user behaviors, all reliably and trustlessly directly synchronized with each user’s wallet.
Private, Anonymized, and Compliant User Data
dApps of the future must be capable of storing user data in a private, anonymized, and GDPR/CCPA compliant manner. Solutions like Cere will bring dApps the following advantages:
- Make user data non-identifiable via encryption and accessible only with private keys in the power of the users
- Anonymize user data to prevent breaches and attacks that might affect the user’s privacy
- Bring developers resources such as federated learning to exchange data from different clusters or sets in a safe and compliant way.
- Free dApps and their user data from big cloud vendors (AWS, Google, MS) and centralized App Stores (Android and iOS) will truly make them censorship-resistant.
dApps of the future will be capable of processing and protecting their users in a safe and compliant way while bringing users total ownership over their information and keeping censorship out of the equation by using decentralized cloud services.
Fast Data Speed and Sync to Serve Billions of Users
dApps of the future will need a lot of throughput and parallel processing resources to meet the needs of the ongoing Fourth Industrial Revolution. With billions of users and connected devices, dApps must be capable of processing data in a split second; this is where vast decentralized edge computing can become an advantage.
Cere’s upcoming Trustless Data Network (TDN) Protocol launch will be one of the first protocols that can make the following solutions possible:
- Reserve abundant resources – storage and serving/streaming nodes – to serve any number of users
- Pools of expandable network providers to bring the resources that the dApp needs with proper utilization and rewards balanced out by the protocol
- Scalable regional data clusters
- Usher in a new era of data interoperability/sharing via smart contracts to truly unleash the power of serverless
- Competitive pricing.
Ultimately, a protocol such as the Cere TDN can mature to the point of being very competitive in terms of performance, scale, and cost compared to centralized infrastructure providers like Amazon AWS and Microsoft Azure. This is a very much-needed open, web3-oriented, and trustless cloud data/computing solution that doesn’t exist yet but very much needs to happen for the greater good.
Real-Time Data Integrations for a Personalized User Experience
Additionally, dApps of the future will personalize the User Experience, making real-time data integrations a necessity. Solutions like Cere’s TDN will allow dApps to fetch, transport, and implement real-time data safely:
- Fetch real-time data from trusted sources by using signatures and cryptographic identifiers to verify the provenance and integrity
- Anonymize and encrypt all the data to prevent breaches, attacks, and hijacking
- Deliver all sorts of content (videos, music, art, etc.) directly to the user
- Route the data safely thanks to TDN delivery nodes to prevent MITM (Man-in-the-middle) attacks
- Adapt the dApp according to the user’s likes, preferences and experiences by using Cere’s decentralized database that tracks behaviors tied to the wallets in a trustlessly manner.
Serving millions of users with a real-time, personalized user experience is what dApps of the future will be able to do.
The next evolution stage of dApps has begun, and we are inviting all to tune into the Cere TDN announcements as we will be releasing updates in the coming weeks to showcase much of the innovation that we’ve been working on that will lead this new data movement that can power the future of dApps, Web2, and Web3 companies.
About Cere Network
Cere Network is the first Trustless Delivery Network (TDN) platform built on Substrate and Polygon. Cere is the first Web3 project that facilitates trustless cloud data storage, integration, and data collaboration across blockchain networks, as well as Web3 NFT, metaverse, and gaming content. With Cere, (decentralized) applications can become truly serverless and trustless for the first time ever. Apps no longer need infrastructure, since their entire lifecycle is serverless on Cere TDN. This frees apps & content from iOS & Google, since these can launch instantly, anywhere with 0 censorship. Cere is backed by the world’s largest institutions and projects, including Binance Labs, Republic Labs, and Polygon.
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